The US Dollar is the official currency for the United States of America and is one of the world's most powerful currencies. Ranked as the number one traded currency in the world, it is the largest reserve currency. Multiple countries use the US Dollar as their primary or secondary currency. The Dollar is made up of 100 Cents and coins come in denominations of 1¢, 5¢, 10¢, 25¢, 50¢ and $1. Bank notes are available in $1, $2, $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100.
The Euro is the official currency of 18 Eurozone countries. The currency is managed by the European Central Bank (ECB) based in Frankfurt in collaboration with the Eurosystem. Despite being a modern currency, it is already the second largest reserve currency and second most traded in the world. The Euro coins come in denominations of 1c, 2c, 5c, 10c, 20c, 50c, €1 and €2. Euro banknotes are available as €5, €10, €20, €50, €100, €200 and €500. All Euro coins have a common side which shows the amount and a map of Europe. On the reverse, each country has their own variation which represents their culture. Despite these differences, all Euro coins are valid in all Eurozone countries. The Euro banknotes are the same on both sides in all Eurozone countries. They were designed by an Austrian, Robert Kalina, and each denomination has its own color and represents a historic period of European architecture with windows and gates on the front and bridges on the reverse.
The Pound Sterling is the official currency of the United Kingdom, 9 British territories, Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man. The pound is made up of 100 pennies and coins are issued in denominations of 1p, 2p, 5p, 10p, 20p, 50p, £1, £2 and £5. Banknotes are available in £5, £10, £20 and £50. Established in the 5th century, the pound sterling is the oldest currency in the world that is still used today.
The Japanese Yen (pronounced "en" in Japanese) is the official currency of Japan. In use since 1871, the currency is the third most traded currency in the world. The currency's coins include denominations of ¥1, ¥5, ¥10, ¥50, ¥100 and ¥500 and banknotes are available in ¥1000, ¥2000, ¥5000 and ¥10000. One Yen is equal to 100 Sen and 1000 Rin. To protect users from counterfeit banknotes, Japanese authorities take great care to ensure all banknotes are kept clean and undamaged by examining all notes that are returned to the bank and replacing and destroying any that are not of a particular standard. The ¥5 and ¥50 coins feature a hole in the center.